An approximate 60 percent of Sahrawi refugee households have livestock (around three sheep/goats per family), however the animals are mostly fed with food scraps, and often only plastic or carton. The poor feeding practices have significant consequences on animals’ productivity (milk and meat quantity and quality).
To tackle this, WFP initiated a pilot project using a low-tech hydroponic container (recycled shipping containers) that is specially designed to quickly grow green animal fodder. With the help of solar power, barley shoots are grown in a partially controlled environment (unit) in 7-day cycles. Each unit alone can provide enough fodder for up to 30 animals per day. Moreover, WFP provides training and locally available material to refugees on how to produce their own fodder using locally adapted solutions and is helping create low cost greenhouses to boost production.
In 2017, WFP plans to scale-up this initiative testing different approaches (cooperative vs. household level).